Salmon, trout and Arctic char

We are the central executive and advisory body for the management of freshwater fish. The Agency is responsible for drawing up regulations for fishing of salmon, trout and Arctic char in the sea and in rivers.

The Act relating to salmonids and freshwater fish gives the Agency authority to take decisions in individual cases and to issue regulations. In addition to provisions on fishing of salmon, trout and Arctic char, we issue regulations relating to the organisation and management of river systems, stock enhancement measures, catch reporting, and fish monitoring. Considerable resources are also targeted towards areas involving wild salmon, including regulation of river systems, liming of rivers, and measures to eradicate the salmon parasite Gyrodactylus salaris.

Management of salmon, trout and Arctic char

Management of salmon, trout and Arctic char (anadromous salmonids) is the shared responsibility of the Ministry of Climate and Environment, the Agency, the county governors’ offices and the municipalities. Management activities are governed in budgetary, legislative and long-term planning processes.

The most important legal instruments are set out in the Act relating to salmonids and freshwater fish. As a general rule, salmon, trout and Arctic char are protected. The principle of general protection means that fishing of these species is not permitted without special approval.

The Act relating to salmonids and freshwater fish

The objective of the Act is to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of natural stocks of salmon, trout and Arctic char, and freshwater fish.

In general, fishing of these species is only permitted in specific rivers and only when there is a harvestable surplus after spawning. The Agencywill usually assess whether this is the case on the basis of catch and monitoring data from the previous year. Factors other than fishing that may have an impact on spawning stocks will be included in this assessment as well. 

Other legislation and administrative agencies

The government environmental authorities are responsible for various other acts of legislation, including the Planning and Building Act, the Pollution Control Act and the Nature Diversity Act.

In addition to the government environmental authorities, the Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs and the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy have management responsibilities in areas affecting wild salmon in particular, including aquaculture, regulation of river systems, and fish disease.

Topic