Since 1993 the Trondheim conference has provided an opportunity for policy makers, managers and scientists to have an open and constructive dialogue and to provide a transparent and scientifically sound basis for key issues being discussed under the CBD.
The Trondheim Conferences are a result of collaboration between the Secretariat of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the Norwegian government and are held every 3-4 years.
The Trondheim Conferences provide a forum where participants exchange, scientific views on issues of relevance to CBD, using a neutral platform that does not need consensus on issues. The conferences create a transparent, positive and constructive atmosphere where participants exchange views freely and make recommendations based on the best possible scientific data and information. Earlier conferences have contributed constructively to negotiations under the CBD and other fora, and have also provided important capacity building and networking opportunities for participants.
The Trondheim Conferences have proven to provide useful input to the CBD by focusing on the multidimensional nature of the implementation of the convention, by seeking to establish the best possible scientific basis for this implementation, and by taking into account that biodiversity issues constitute a foundation for sustainable development. The conferences also focus on creating a transparent, positive and constructive atmosphere.
The first Trondheim Conference on Biodiversity in 1993 provided input to the first Intergovernmental Committee meeting of the signatories to the CBD later that year.
The second Conference in 1996 focused on problems related to alien invasive species, and provided input to the SBSTTA meeting in 1996 and to the development of the Global Invasive Species Program (GISP).
In 1999, the third Conference discussed the ecosystem approach for sustainable use of biological diversity, and provided input to SBSTTA and to the later adoption of the Principles for Ecosystem Approach at COP-6 in 2002.
The fourth conference in 2003 focused on technology transfer and capacity building, and provided input to the SBSTTA meeting in November 2003 and to UNEP and its intergovernmental strategic plan for technology support and capacity building to developing countries. In 1997 a workshop was held on biodiversity in freshwater, providing scientific input to the SBSTTA meeting in 1997.
The fifth conference in 2007 focused on why biodiversity is important for fighting poverty and for sustainable development and on difficult trade-offs in this regard. This broad approach was chosen since key strategic issues to be discussed at the Conference of the Parties in May 2008 was progress in the implementation of the Strategic Plan for the CBD and follow-up on progress towards the 2010 target of significantly reducing the rate of biodiversity loss and relevant Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
The sixth Trondheim Conference in 2010 focused on "getting the biodiversity targets right - working for sustainable development". The conference considered status and lessons learnt from the 2010 biodiversity targets with a view to future targets and ways to make them specific, measurable, ambitious, realistic and time-bound, while highlighting the needs for targets to show that biodiversity is critical for environmental as well as economic and social aspects of sustainable development.
Recognising the importance of mainstreaming biodiversity considerations across government and society, the seventh Trondheim Conference focused on the means for addressing the first goal of Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. Some 330 participants from around 120 countries, deliberately chosen from both the biodiversity and economic planning sectors, considered the ways in which biodiversity contributes to a sustainable society, and the ways in which a careful alignment and mix of policies, incentives and business strategies can help deliver development pathways that lead to a more sustainable society.
These documents presents the report of the Conferences Chairmen, containing conclusions and recommendations from the presentations and discussions at the Conferences.
Conclusions and recommendations: